Armor Battalion Force Structure in Force XXI.
MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY OPERATIONS RESEARCH CENTER
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A three cadet design team from the Department of Systems Engineering at USMA investigated changes to the current Armor Battalion force structure as part of a combined effort to preserve to overall effectiveness of the armor unit in a cost effective manner. The initial stages of problem definition led to the identification of an initial effective need of developing a rapidly deployable system capable of effective armored combat. Further refinement of this effective need statement, prior to entering the systems modeling and analysis phase of the systems engineering design process, led to the following specific effective need statement To evaluate the overall effectiveness of the armor battalion organizations minimizing decreased effectiveness caused by down-sizing the force. Smaller organizations would have the added benefit of increased strategic deployability. The decision to do analysis of the force structure stemmed from the fact that the current main battle tank is proven combat effective. The current main battle tank is proven combat effective. The current armor battalion consists of 58 M1A12 Abrams tanks. By taking any number of vehicles out the armor battalion, some loss in combat effectiveness is to be expected. However, if the need to reduce cost still remains, it is apparent that minimizing the decrease in combat effectiveness is very important. Strategic mobility plays a major role in the need to reduce the number of vehicles in the armor battalion. By reducing the number of tanks in an armor battalion, the cost to deploy, the time to deploy and the assets needed to deploy are all decreased. Altering the configuration of the armor battalion directly effects three objective areas 1 Cost Savings 2 Combat Effectiveness and 3 Strategic Deployability. Our goal is to target the fine line that separates cost savings from decreased combat effectiveness.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Military Forces and Organizations