The Effects of Multilayered Military Clothing Ensembles on Body Size: A Pilot Study
Final rept. Sep 91-Jun 98
ARMY SOLDIER AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMICAL COMMAND NATICK MA
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This report documents an attempt to quantify the effects of multiple clothing layers on individual body size in order to provide important information to workspace designers and clothing system developers. Over 90 measurements were taken on an anthropometrically diverse sample of five men or five women. The specific clothing ensembles examines in the study include Ground Soldier, Aviator-Warm Weather, Aviator-Cold Weather, Combat Vehicle Crewman-Warm Weather and Combat Vehicle Crewman-Cold Weather. Semi-nude measurements served as a baseline for the body size increments documented for each successive layer of the clothing ensembles. Initial and repeat measurements of all dimensions were taken in order to assess measurement reliability. In addition, differential donning effects were assessed by measuring subjects in an initial and redress condition. Recommendations for the conduct of a full-scale clothed anthropometric survey are also provided. Finally, a companion study or range of motion under the identical clothing configurations was conducted and will be presented in a separated report.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems