Improving Navy Women's Health: Preventing Smoking Relapse After Recruit Training.
Annual rept. 18 Sep 97-17 Jun 98
SAN DIEGO STATE UNIV FOUNDATION CA
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Smoking is a modifiable behavior that is negatively related to womens health and physical readiness, and increases the burden on military health care systems. This behavior is of particular concern to the DoD because military women are more likely to smoke than their civilian counterparts and because women have greater difficulty quitting than do men. The present 212-year study, funded by the Defense Womens Health Research Program DWHRP, is testing innovative approaches to reduce smoking among Navy women by evaluating two different relapse-prevention interventions that support maintenance of the quit status organizationally mandated during basic training. Women smokers n3,036 were assigned to either a control group or one of two intervention groups at entry into basic training. One intervention group was encouraged to access a telephone helpline for counseling to remain a nonsmoker the other group received a series of monthly mailings. Analyses of assessments at 3-, 6-, and 12-months post-graduation are being completed to evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions in maintaining the cold turkey smoking cessation induced during recruit training.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Stress Physiology