Electronic Properties of Novel Materials - Progress in Molecular Nanostructures. XII International Winterschool
AMERICAN INST OF PHYSICS NEW YORK
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The present book contains the 12th International Winterschool on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials in Kirchberg, Tyrol, Austria. The series of these schools started in 1985. Originally the school was held every second year and was devoted to conducting polymers. After the discovery of high temperature superconductors the periodicity changed to an annual format and the topic alternated between conjugated polymers and superconductors. Since fullerenes are both conjugated compounds and in some cases superconductors, it was tempting to choose fullerenes as topic for the Kirchberg schools. The evident extension of this topic is carbon nanotubes and so the title changed from Fullerenes via Fullerene Derivatives and Fullerene Nanostructures to Molecular Nanostructures. This gradual change enables us to keep a fairly large interdisciplinary scientific community together and to stimulate numerous international cooperations. A compilation of the previous Kirchberg Winterschools will be presented in the table at the end of this preface. The term Molecular Nanostructures implies the bottom-up synthetic approach, as opposed to the top-down lithography and etching techniques in semiconductor technology. As for the physics, we are in a field where solid state physics and molecular physics overlap. This is nicely seen on the example of carbon nanotubes Their diameter is in the order of a few nanometers and thus perpendicular to their axis nanotubes are molecular different diameters lead to different electronic structures, along their axis they are extended solids. Most oral contributions to the winterschool were on carbon nanotubes, and there are also three chapters of the proceedings and a large part of the chapter on applications devoted to this topic. The majority of the posters was on fullerenes and fullerides.
- Electricity and Magnetism