Low Birth Weight: A Descriptive Study of Risk Factors
AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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To define maternal risk factors for the birth of a low birth weight infant specific to Department of Defense DoD beneficiaries, a secondary data analysis was conducted on DoD data. Verrans 1997 theory-driven framework for outcome research was used to guide the selection of process and structural variables. The study controlled for structure by limiting subjects to those delivering in a facility with a neonatal intensive care unit. Using maternal risk factors for LBW identified by literature review, a group of subjects with LBW 220 were compared to a group without LBW 223 using logistic regression. Maternal risk factors of multiple gestation OR 5.00, race being black OR 2.59, and history of asthma 3.39 were found to be significant risk factors for the DoD population. Variables identifying the intensity of care were also analyzed and non-stress tests, fetal ultrasounds, and antepartum visits were significant variables related to the LBW outcome.
- Medicine and Medical Research