Accession Number:

ADA358983

Title:

Chile: Civil-Military Relations and Democratic Consolidation

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1998-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

87.0

Abstract:

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze civil-military relations and democratic consolidation in Chile. It examines civil-military relations in Chile by using the eleven prerogatives of the military, as an institution in a democratic regime, and as defined by Alfred Stepan. From September 1973 until March 1990, the military in Chile, under General Augusto Pinochet, held the reins of power. Since March of 1990, Chile has been under civilian rule Patricio Aylwih, 1990-1994 and Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, 1994-present. Although both Aylwin and Frei were elected directly by the voters, some scholars argue that Chile has not consolidated its democracy, due in large measure to the continuing influence and prerogatives of the Chilean military. The thesis is a single case study of Chile, viewed longitudinally from 1988 to 1998. The issue of civil-military relations in Chile is important because Chile has the most promising economy in Latin America and the fostering of democracy provides stability and security to support United States goals in the region. If the military prerogatives in Chile continue, democracy will not be fully consolidated The thesis concludes that Chile has made significant strides since 1988 in achieving civilian authority over the military as a result, the full consolidation of democracy is promising.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE