Adaptation-Defense Mechanisms of the Body - USSR -.
JOINT PUBLICATIONS RESEARCH SERVICE ARLINGTON VA
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During the second half of the 19th century the eminent French physiologist Claude Bernard formulated his famous thesis that the most characteristic trait of all living creatures Is their ability to preserve the constancy of their internal medium milieu interieur independent of external environmental changes. When the regulatory mechanisms which control the constancy of the internal medium are impaired for some reason or other, a disease emerges which ends in the death of the organism if the impaired equilibrium has not been restored. Thus a disease originates, and when this occurs, as even Hippocrates indicated, the pathological process as a whole includes not only the disease per se, I. e., the injury to the organism, but also the fight to re-establish normal conditions.
- Medicine and Medical Research