Eliminating The Division The Favor of a Group-Based Force Structure: Should the U.S. Army Break the Phalanx?
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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The purpose of this monograph is to consider the proposal put forth in Douglas A. Macgregors study Breaking the Phalanx A New Design for Landpower in the 21st Century. In short, the papers research question asks, should the Army adopt a Macgregor-Style group-based force structure during the next decade or maintain the current Army thrust line This means attempting to determine if the Army should eliminate the divisional echelon and make a group and corpsjoint task force structure the force building blocks of the future. In answering this question the following approach is used First, the author explains the background and significance of the problem and provides a set of criteria which will be used in making determinations concerning future force structure decisions. The criteria are interoperability, deployability, efficiency, commandability, lethality, agility, and versatility. Second, the paper presents the major components of Macgregors proposal and maps out the Armys current direction. This section of the paper answers the subordinate research question What are the major force structure alternatives and how do they differ Third, the paper examines two recent operations, Operations DESERT SHIELDDESERT STORM and UPHOLD DEMOCRACY. This answers a second subordinate research question What lessons possibilities pertinent to the force structure decision have been offered by recent combat operations This provides insights into the importance and characteristics of the traits selected as decision criteria and how they are manifested in actual operations. Fourth, the paper defines the thrust of future warfighting requirements in terms of the established criteria. This answers the final subordinate research question What are the future warfighting requirements to which force design decisions must respond This provides insights into how the traits established as criteria are seen in the future and their relationship to this issue.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics