Accession Number:

ADA355611

Title:

Human Acceleration Research at Armstrong Laboratory 1973-1993: A Dynamic Process.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Jun 92-May 95

Corporate Author:

ARMSTRONG LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH CREW SYSTEMS DIRECTORATE

Report Date:

1995-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

62.0

Abstract:

The history of disqualified subjects from 1973-1993 at Armstrong Laboratory is presented for both sustained and impact acceleration panels. The screening criteria for candidates, the physician doing the interpretation of the screening examinations, and the type of research being performed all contribute to the disqualification of candidates and subjects. The importance of knowing the impact of these factors on the composition of the panels is stressed as this determines to which target population the research data can be applied. The rational for each disqualification is discussed, demonstrating the variability in each panel physicians clinical judgement in the context of personal bias, the ethical frame-work surrounding the use of human volunteers, and the existing research environment. Comparisons of the two human volunteer subject panels to each other and other samples of different populations composite from scientific literature French, Norwegian, and Netherlands pilots US Navy subjects were made using the proportion parameters of various spinal anomalies. Several sources of bias and error were present 1 variability between raters radiologists 2 lack of a standard format for reporting spinal anomalies and 3 lack of a readily accessible, useable, and representative U.S. Air Force pilot spinal anomaly database.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Stress Physiology
  • Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE