Histopathologic Study Following Administration of Liposome-Encapsulated Hemoglobin in the Normovolemic Rat.
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR BIOMOLECULAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Pagination or Media Count:
Liposome encapsulated hemoglobin is being developed as hem an artificial resuscitative fluid for in vivo oxygen delivery. in the present report, we examine the effect of accumulation of liposome encapsulated hemoglobin on the structure of reticuloendothelial organs following administration of liposome encapsulated bovine hemoglobin in the normovolemic rat. We have also examined the administration of the liposome vehicle, tetrameric bovine hemoglobin, and liposome encapsulated bovine hemoglobin that had been lyophilized with 300 mM trehalose and rehydrated just before injection. Following injection into the tail vein, rats were sacrificed and liver, spleen, kidney, and lung harvested at 2 h, 24 h, 1 week, and 2 weeks for analysis. Gross pathologic findings of animals injected with liposome en may capsulated hemoglobin showed statistically significant splenomegaly with a waxy parenchymal pallor at early time points. Microscopic findings indicate that the liver and spleen are principally involved with liposome encapsulated hemoglobin removal over the course of 24 h with transient cytoplasmic vacuolization in tissue resident phagocytes as evidenced by both light and electron microscopic examination. Presence of liposome encapsulated hemoglobin in these vacuoles was confirmed by oil red 0 and prussian blue stains. Splenic weight was observed to decline after 24 h but still remained significant above sham-treated controls at 2 weeks and could be correlated with increased hematopoietic activity.
- Medicine and Medical Research