Effective Span of Command and Control by Echelon in Training and Operational Environments
Final Jul 93-Oct 95
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
Pagination or Media Count:
In response to reduced resources in the face of more diverse missions, Army leadership is considering new options for the design of its organizations. One option is to create flatter organizations. A consequence of this option is an increase in the span of command and control, and a concern with its impact on the effectiveness of command and control. This report summarizes research conducted to develop a database of information pertaining to seven factors proposed to influence the span of effective command and control, and guidelines for designing and training units that maintain effective spans of command and control. Fifty-five Army officers at various echelons and from different types of units participated in interviews. The resulting database is a set of comments and ratings about the relation between each of the seven factors and the difficulty or ease of command and control. The research confirmed the usefulness of the seven factors for discussing issues impacting span of effective command and control. The data were consolidated into observations that pertain to organizing and training military units. This report a presents the results of this research, b recommends modifications to the data collection procedures, and c proposes further applications of the approach.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Command, Control and Communications Systems