Copper Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
Selective review and synthesis of the technical literature on copper and copper salts in the environment and their effects primarily on fishes, birds, mammals, terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates, and other natural resources. The subtopics include copper sources and uses chemical and biochemical properties concentrations of copper in field collections of abiotic materials and living organisms effects of copper deficiency lethal and sublethal effects on terrestrial plants and invertebrates, aquzatic organisms, birds, and mammals, including effects on survival, growth, reproduction, behavior, metabolism, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and teratogenicity proposed criteria for the protection of human health and sensitive natural resources and recommendations for additional research.
- *CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION
- *NATURAL RESOURCES
- *COPPER COMPOUNDS
- CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
- TERATOGENIC COMPOUNDS
- AQUATIC ORGANISMS
- ABIOTIC PROCESSES
- SUBLETHAL DOSAGE
- Properties of Metals and Alloys
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control