Comparisons of The Structure of Water at Neat Oil/Water and Air/Water Interfaces as Determined by Vibrational Sum Frequency Generation
Technical rept. 1 Jun 97-31 May 98
OREGON UNIV EUGENE DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
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We have employed vibrational sum frequency generation VSPG to measure for the first time the structure of water at the interface between two bulk immiscible liquids. The OH stretching modes of the interfacial water molecules are examined and compared with analogous studies at the airwater interface. We find that at the oilwater interface the prevailing structure of the water molecules is a tetrahedral arrangement much like the structure of ice, while at the airwater interface we observe an equal distribution between an ice-like and a less ordered water-like arrangement. The relationship between the structure of the interfacial water molecules and the properties of the other fluid air or oil is discussed in terms of hydrogen bonding at the interface. We also compare our results to previous VSFG studies and find that our spectrum obtained from the CCl4water interface differs from what was obtained by others at the hexanewater interface.
- Physical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy