Gender Issues: Analysis of Promotion and Career Opportunities Data.
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIV
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In 1993 and 1994, changes in policy and legislation opened more than 250,000 positions in the armed services to women. Currently, 90 percent of the services career fields and 80 percent of the services approximately 1,425,000 positions are open to women. Recent studies have highlighted differing perceptions of the treatment of men and women who serve in the military. For example, an Army report on sexual harassment stated that about half of the Army women surveyed thought that men have an advantage over women when it comes to having a successful military career while only about 20 percent of the men agreed with this statement. Another study reported 50 percent of the Army women surveyed believed that the Department of Defense DOD policy limiting womens participation in combat had hurt promotion opportunities for enlisted women. In that same survey, 61 percent of female Army officers and 49 percent of female noncommissioned officers believed that this policy had hurt promotion opportunities for women officers in the Army. Because of the variety of perceptions regarding men and women in the military, you asked us to determine whether the military was selecting women and men at similar rates for 1 promotion, 2 professional military education PME, and 3 key assignments.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Sociology and Law