Unauthorized Appropriations and Expiring Authorizations.
CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE (U S CONGRESS) WASHINGTON DC
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The Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 requires the Congressional Budget Office CBO to report to the Congress each year on unauthorized appropriations and expiring authorizations. Authorization laws have two basic purposes. They establish, continue, or modify federal programs, and they are a prerequisite under House and Senate rules and sometimes under statute for the Congress to appropriate budget authority for programs. Some authorization laws provide spending directly. In fact, well over half of federal spending now goes to programs for which the authorizing legislation itself creates budget authority. Such spending is referred to as direct, or mandatory, spending. It includes funding for most major entitlement programs.
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