Changes in Federal Civilian Employment: An Update
CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE (U S CONGRESS) WASHINGTON DC
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In response to a number of inquiries, the Congressional Budget Office CBO has updated its analysis of governmentwide trends in federal employment from the 1996 CBO memorandum, Changes in Federal Civilian Employment. This update also details trends in employment in agencies engaged in the administration of justice, one of the few major federal employment sectors showing a significant increase. It also examines recent changes in legislative branch employment, as well as how executive branch employment compares with statutory caps. Most employment totals are an annual average of monthly counts. The totals in the section on statutory employment caps, however, measure employment on a full-time-equivalent FTE basis, the measure used in establishing the caps. FTE totals translate employment to its full-time equivalent. Under that approach, for example, two half-time workers equal one full-time-equivalent worker. Figures cover most federal agencies except the U.S. Postal Service and those engaged in intelligence gathering. The Postal Service was not included for a number of reasons it has a completely separate pay system that features collective bargaining, which is rare at the federal level it is funded from revenues earned from postage and it is not covered by statutory cans on employment.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations