Joint Task Force XXI: SOF as Executive Agency in Military Operations Other Than War
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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While the US military faces growing requirements to conduct Military Operations Other Than War MOOTW, our command relationships are mired in the past, optimized for war, not MOOTW. General Purpose Forces are normally earmarked for Command and Control C2 of these operations, with primarily conventional commanders, staffs, and service components establishing the Joint Task Force JTF. Special Operations Forces SOF support the JTF. However, given the capabilities of SOF, this command relationship does not take advantage of SOFs strengths, and at times actually impedes our overall efforts. SOF can provide the regional CINC with superior multi echelon C2 in MOOTW. This thesis will demonstrate that the current US military C2 system is unsuitable, and that by changing it we will dramatically improve mission success probabilities, efficiency, and overall combat effectiveness. This thesis examines US operations in Somalia Restore Hope in order to shed light on key areas of sub optimization. A SOF based organization JTF-XXI will be proposed and compared to the Restore Hope JTF. The thesis will argue that the JTF-XXI is more effective and efficient, and should be adopted for future use.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics