Analysis of the Use of the Mach-Zender Coupler in Demodulating Multiplexed Fiber Optic Signals
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Fiber optic communications are the future of U.S. Navy shipboard communications. They present tremendous bandwidths with no susceptibility to electro magnetic interference EMI and outstanding signal to noise ratios. Current technology uses Wavelength Division Multiplexing WDM to allow multiple users on a single fiber simultaneously. The optical filters necessary to demodulate the WDM signal can be expensive. A less costly alternative could be achieved if Hadamard-Walsh Code Shift Keyed CSK encoded signals were used. An optical receiver was proposed, using the Mach-Zender coupler, capable of demodulating a Hadamard-Walsh CSK encoded signal. Building on previous work studying the characteristics of the Mach-Zender coupler, a relationship between the probability of bit error and signal-to-noise ratio SNR was developed for a single user and a DPSK optical signal. This relationship was then used to develop an understanding of the bit error rate to SNR relationship for a multiple-user CSK optical signal. Using the theoretical performance as a guide, a MATLAB model was then constructed to investigate the sensitivity of the receiver to non-ideal components.
- Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics
- Non-Radio Communications