A Historical Analysis of Tunnel Warfare and the Contemporary Perspective
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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The threat of tunnel warfare and the adequacy of United States doctrine against such a threat are the focus for this monograph. Having to engage a contemporary enemy in a subterranean fight begs the question Is our doctrine sufficient in subterranean warfare If not, then a study of such tactics is necessary before faced with such a threat. The North Koreans are such a threat through 40 years of experience, they have developed extensive tunnel networks that will be a part of their infiltration routes into Seoul should they decide to invade the South. This paper reviews 130 years of subterranean warfare, certain principles of war from FM 100-5, the current threat in North Korea, and current United States Army doctrine. Through this study, the monograph examines the effective use of tunnel warfare throughout the years. It looks at the future threat to United States forces, and will cover lessons learned, spedfically, from the Vietnam era. The final portion of the paper is the likely results should Allied forces and North Korea fight. This leads to a recommendation for eombating threats such as the one in North Korea and attempts to answer the question is there sufficient doctrine to combat this threat, and who gains the advantage in the fight The answer is yes, the doctrine that is available will allow the United States and its Allies to fight and win on the subterranean battlefield.
- Unconventional Warfare