Male and Female Causal Models of Pilot Skill Acquisition: A Preliminary Evaluation
Interim rept. Jan 96-Apr 97
ARMSTRONG LAB BROOKS AFB TX HUMAN RESOURCES DIRECTORATE
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Based on a previous study, a causal model of acquisition of pilot job knowledge and flying skills was tested on separate samples of male and female students. Causal model parameters were estimated separately for each sample and, due to the small sample size for females, no between groups statistical tests were conducted. The results are viewed as tentative because of the small sample of female students, however, the path coefficient parameter estimates are still useful. The model showed a direct influence of general cognitive ability on the acquisition of job knowledge and an indirect influence on the acquisition of flying skills. The direct and indirect influence of cognitive ability on flying skills was a little stronger for females than for males. Additionally, the path between prior job knowledge and flying performance was somewhat stronger for females than for males. Consistent with previous findings, the influence of early flying skills on later flying skills was very strong. No argument for a sex separated training syllabus is supported.