3-D Surface Anthropometry: Review of Technologies.
ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE)
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The seven chapters in this document describe the dramatic changes taking place in the field of anthropometry due to advances in 3-D imaging technology. Chapter 1 lists some of the advantages of 3-D anthropometric techniques, and explains how 3-D technology can overcome many of the limitations of traditional anthropometry. Chapter II discusses the various fields of 3-D anthropometry applications along with the common technologies used in each field. The emphasis of this chapter is on applications within the medical field, human systems engineering, and clothing technology. An overview of applications within the fields of comparative morphology and virtual reality is also given. Chapter ffi describes the various measurement technologies currently available for 3-D anthropometry. Technologies discussed include photogrammetry, videography, surface scanning lasers and contact devices, and volume scanning. Descriptions of each methodology are discussed along with the significant advantages and disadvantages of each method. Chapter IV discusses the techniques and technologies used to visualize, model, and analyze 3-D anthropometric data. The discussion covers a wide range of topics, including hardware platforms, software systems, and user requirements applicable to 3-D anthropometric data visualization, modeling, and analysis. This chapter serves to highlight the potential advantages from improving the analysts ability to visualize, retrieve, and analyze 3-D anthropometric data through the use of state-of-the-art computer technology.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems