Accession Number:

ADA336393

Title:

The Development of Analytical Chemistry in the Chinese People's Republic

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

JOINT PUBLICATIONS RESEARCH SERVICE ARLINGTON VA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1960-05-16

Pagination or Media Count:

8.0

Abstract:

The creation of the Chinese Peoples Republic was the beginning of a new epoch in the history of Chinese science. Under the reactionary policy of the Kuomin tang, when industry and agriculture stagnated, analytical chemistry was not developed and was almost not used in industrial control. Higher educational establishments and research institutes were very poorly equipped. Simple analytical apparatuses - the photocolorimeter, pH-meters, etc. - were very rare. All laboratory equipment, even glass tubing and stirrers, were imported. Only gravimetric, volumetric and colorimetric analyses were included in the courses of analytical chemistry taught in the universities and colleges. Original articles, based on research works conducted, were very scarce. With the exception of the very small number of investigations devoted to spectrographic analysis, Chinese scientists, at that time, did not conduct any scientific research whatsoever on physico-chemical and physical methods.

Subject Categories:

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE