Estonia - Prospects for Survival in the Twenty First Century.
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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In many ways, Estonias 750 years of foreign occupation created an environment in which independence flourishes today. when the opportunity to reassert its independence came, the Estonians were able to rely on a remarkable degree of popular support and unanimity in all major aspects of the process. In the six years that have passed since independence, the Estonians have established a stable currency and a successful economy. They have established the rule of law and have conducted free and democratic elections. They created a military from scratch, and have formed a multi-national peace-keeping battalion with the other Baltic States which has conducted peace-keeping operations both in Bosnia and in Lebanon. Estonias foreign policy priority is gaining admission into the EU and NATO. The debate over Estonian admission into NATO has several implications for U.S. policy. First, there is a large Baltic constituency within the U.S. who were quite active during the Soviet occupation and helped keep Baltic policy on the American foreign policy agenda. Secondly, Estonian membership in NATO is important because the U.S. supports the inclusion of Central and East European nations into the alliance. Finally, the decision of whether or not to offer Estonia membership is likely to have a effect U.S.Russian relations. Russia has publicly stated on many occasions that they do not support any of the Baltic nations joining NATO.
- Government and Political Science