Greek-Turkish Crises since 1955. Implications for Greek-Turkish Conflict Management
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Past attempts to explain Greek-Turkish conflict have been built on two underlying themes. One theme focuses on incompatible Greek and Turkish interests while the other identifies cultural and social differences between the two countries as the primary causes for competition. Immediate causes for the conflict include issues ranging from domestic political considerations to the international setting. This thesis examines the 1955, 1963, 1967, 1974, 1976 and 1987 Greek-Turkish crises as it questions the primacy of underlying or immediate causes in Greek-Turkish conflict. After examining possible reasons for the failure of past mediations in resolving the underlying causes of the conflict, this thesis suggests that national interests as well as cultural realities from both sides of the Aegean have to be considered in any mediation attempt. Immediate causes do not seem critical for the evolution of the conflict even though they determine the development and outcome of particular crises. This thesis also recognizes, that successful resolution of Greek-Turkish differences will be of benefit not only to the two countries but to regional stability as well Cyprus, Balkans, Southeastern Mediterranean. Organizations with which the two countries are associated, NATO, EU, WEU have only to gain from a Greek-Turkish rapprochement.
- Administration and Management
- Government and Political Science