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Shock Waves in Nonequilibrium Gases and Plasmas
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
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An analysis and assessment of three mechanisms describing plasmashock wave interactions was conducted under conditions typically encountered in a weakly ionized glow discharge. The mechanisms of ion-acoustic wave damping, post-shock energy addition and thermal inhomogeneities were examined by numerically solving the Euler equations with appropriate source terms adapted for each mechanism. Ion-acoustic wave damping was examined by modeling the partially ionized plasma as two fluids in one spatial dimension using the Riemann problem as a basis. Post-shock energy addition in the form of nonequilibrium vibrational energy relaxation was also examined in one spatial dimension using the Riemann problem as a basis. The influence of thermal inhomogeneities on shock wave propagation was examined in two spatial dimensions for both a Riemann shock and a shock generated by a spark discharge. Shocks were propagated through realistic thermal profiles with the resulting shock structure examined through the numerical application of various optical diagnostic techniques. Results from shock simulations indicate that ion-acoustic wave damping has an insignificant effect on the neutral flow at fractional ionization levels typical of glow discharges. Post-shock vibrational energy relaxation is also unable to effect the shock structure on the time scales of interest. An analysis of the effects of thermal inhomogeneities reveals that many of the observed plasmashock anomalies can be explained based solely on this mechanism.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE