Helmet-Mounted Display Design Guide
CREW SYSTEMS CONSULTANTS SAN MARCOS TX
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Helmet mounted displays HMDs present flight, navigation, and weapon information in the pilots line of sight. The HMD was developed to allow the pilot to retain aircraft and weapon information while looking off boresight. This document reviews current state of the art in HMDs and presents a design guide for the HMD engineer in identifying several critical HMD issues symbol stabilization, inadequate definitions, undefined symbol drive laws, helmet considerations, and field of view FOV vs. resolution tradeoff requirements. In particular, display latency is a key issue for HMDs. In addition to requiring further experimental studies, it impacts the definition and control law issues. Symbol stabilization is also critical. In the case of the Apache helicopter, the lack of compensation for pilot head motion creates excessive workload during hovering and nap of the earth NOE flight. This translates into excessive training requirements. There is no agreed upon set of definitions or descriptions for how HMD symbols are driven to compensate for pilot head motion. A set of definitions is proposed to address this. There are several specific areas where simulation and flight experiments are needed development of hover and NOE symbologies which compensate for pilot head movement display latency and sampling, and the tradeoff between FOV, sensor resolution and symbology.
- Flight Control and Instrumentation
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems