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Robotics and Computer Assisted Medical Interventions: An International Workshop - 1996.
Final rept. 15 Apr 96-14 Apr 97,
SHADYSIDE MEDICAL CENTER PITTSBURGH PA
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Robotics and Computer Assisted Medical Interventions RCAMI has emerged as a rapidly evolving area of research and development with great potential for improving clinical out-comes while also reducing patient morbidity and the cost of health care. The first generation of computer-assisted systems are being utilized in operating rooms and hospitals throughout the world. Advancing RCAMI technology to the next levels of development and utilization requires collaboration among the disciplines of engineering, science and medicine. The RCAMI workshop brought together clinicians, engineers, scientists, and industrial representatives. Through intensive discussions, the participants defined current status and clinical applications of these technologies, and explored future directions and requirements. We have divided the RCAMI field into four sub-areas 1. Image Guided Therapy - the use of images obtained either during or prior to treatment, coupled with the use of computers, sensors, graphics, or other technologies to assist or guide the administration of treatment. For the purpose of this workshop, this group did not consider active or semi-active robotic systems, although many robotic systems employ image guidance to administer treatment. 2. Robotics - the intra-operative use of active or semi-active roboticmanipulation systems to significantly enhance the ability of humans to perform interventional procedures. 3. Surgical Simulators - the use of medical imaging, computer graphics, biomechanical analysis, and virtual environments, to simulate surgery for medical education, scientific analysis and pre-treatment planning. 4. Teleintervention - the application of information-based technologies to deliver procedural health care through an electronic interface. Indirect patient contact is implicit however, the distance separating patient and physician may be insignifican
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