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Assessing the Potential for Using Reserves in Operations Other Than War
RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA
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The end of the cold war and demise of the Soviet Union left the United States as the only superpower. Its new status conferred on it new responsibilities, including requirements to lead and participate in global operations that require military forces but do not involve armed conflict. Commonly referred to as Operations Other Than War or OOTW, these operations span a range of activities, including disaster relief, humanitarian assistance, and peacekeeping. The frequency and diversity of these operations have taxed the capacity of active component AC forces, and policymakers have looked to the reserve components RC both to lift some of the burden from the AC and to provide capabilities needed in OOTW. This study analyzes how forces are selected for OOTW to determine how use of the RC may be affected. It examines not only formal force selection procedures, but also informal and potent influences that we call Service cultures.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE