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Lt Gen Ned Almond, USA: A Ground Commander's Conflicting View with Airmen over CAS Doctrine and Employment

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Specifically, this study examines four CAS subissues from World War I through the Korean War priorities in the employment of airpower, the ownership and apportionment of CAS assets, the most effective CAS command and control C2 system, and the debate over whether to procure a single or multipurpose CAS aircraft. A fundamental explanation given for Army and Air Force differences in philosophy on CAS is the historical difference in military objectives decisive points. This difference has shaped air force, force structure and air asset employment, and significantly contributed to the Army-Air Force CAS debate. The case study herein analyzes the CAS philosophy of Lt Gen Edward Mallory Almond, USA. The author reasoned that General Almonds diverse background in Army, Navy, and Air Force theory and employment would make him a logical candidate for a study. The main focus is on CAS employment and issues during the Korean War. General Almond served in the two world wars and commanded the X Corps during the Korean War. His personal papers stored at the US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, offer unique insights into a ground commanders views on CAS. While his opinions are much more complex than this abstract can do justice to, General Almonds CAS thoughts evolved to the following 1 Air priorities should first be, air superiority, CAS second, and then interdiction and strategic attack 2 The Army should maintain operational control of sufficient meaning lots of CAS air assets and practice decentralized control down to the division or corps level 3 The services should build and adequately staff joint, well-integrated CAS C2 systems to support the CAS mission, and 4 The Air Force should build, with Army inputs, a single purpose CAS aircraft.

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  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

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