Rewarding, Organizing and Managing People in the 21st Century: Time for a Strategic Approach. Report of the 8th Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation. Working Papers.
ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (FORCE MANAGEMENT POLICY) WASHINGTON DC
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There are numerous studies, research reports, and theories that attempt to explain the complex behavior of people at work. They try to give managers prescriptions for the best way to manage an organizations human resources enabling them to achieve organizational ends. This section briefly introduces a number of motivational theories from the field of industrial and organizational psychology. The first set of theories, called content theories, focuses on the specific factors that motivate people. The second set of theories, the process theories, attempts to explain and describe how people start, direct, sustain and stop behavior. The discussion of these theories will be followed by examples of how they might be used to think about compensation.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations