Accession Number:

ADA327872

Title:

The Role of Individual Differences in Choice of Strategy and Performance in a Computer-Based Task,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

GEORGE MASON UNIV FAIRFAX VA

Report Date:

1995-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

50.0

Abstract:

Past research using different learning tasks has consistently shown different performance strategy patterns for field independent and dependent individuals. This research has shown that different computer environments affect how well individuals learn and that learning is dependent upon an individuals cognitive style Morrison Noble, 1987 MacGregor, Shapiro, Niemiec 1988. Other research has shown that there are individual differences in cognitive ability, perceptual speed, and performance on a noun-pair task in learning and executing computer tasks, specifically with regard to the type of interaction individuals choose to use Schmidt-Nielsen Ackerman, 1993. The present study is an attempt to correlate field dependence with performance strategies when using a specific task, the SigmaPlot graphing task. Field dependency, as measured by scores on the Group Embedded Figures Test GEFT Witkin, 1971, was correlated with the mean time to complete a graph. Contrary to previous findings, field dependency was not correlated with performance. However, it was found that years of computer experience, perceptual speed, and cognitive reasoning ability were.

Subject Categories:

  • Computer Programming and Software
  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE