Gender Integration in Basic Training: The Services Are Using a Variety of Approaches.
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV
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This report concerns gender integration in basic training. This statement addresses 1 the extent to which the services have gender integrated basic training and 2 the performance of men and women in gender integrated basic training compared with that of men and women whose training is segregated. In summary, the military services approaches to the integration of men and women during basic training range from integrating some training units to having separate gender units that share some training venues with units of the opposite gender to providing totally separate training. Data to compare the performance of trainees in gender-integrated units and segregated units is not available from all of the services. Limited information on the impact of gender integration from two studies done for the Navy and the Army suggests that gender-integrated basic training programs do not negatively affect trainees performance. A 1992 study done for the Navy reported no impact on performance and improvement in teamwork for both men and women trained in gender-integrated units. A 1996 study of gender integration in the Army reported that womens performance improved in gender-integrated training units and mens performance was not degraded. Because the data available to evaluate the impact of gender integration was so limited, we recommended that the Department of Defense DOD gather more extensive data. DOD concurred with our recommendation and is in the process of collecting the data.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Sociology and Law