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Effect of Selected Chemicals on Indiana Bats, Gray Bats, and Bald Eagles at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. Appendix IV to the Biological Assessment: Relocation of U.S. Army Chemical School and U.S. Army Military Police School to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

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The proposed Base Realignment and Closure BRAC action will involve moving the Chemical and Military Police schools from Fort McClellan Alabama to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. The Environmental Impact Statement HBA 1996, addresses impacts of this action on the human environment. A major component of the BRAC action involves introduction of obscurant and simulant training to the Fort Leonard Wood environment. Military uses for obscurants smoke include screening, deception, and identification of equipment, facilities, and troops Shinn et al. 1987. Training simulants are used by the military to instruct soldiers in recognition of dangerous, hazardous or toxic chemicals used by enemy forces in chemical and biological warfare. Two federally endangered species, the Indiana bat Myotis sodalis and the gray bat Myotis grisescens, and one threatened species, the bald eagle Hallaeetus leucocephalus occur on Fort Leonard Wood. We performed this Ecological Risk Assessment ERA to comply with the Endangered Species Act, and in support of the BRAC Environmental Impact Statement EIS. This report is an appendix to the Biological Assessment BA for Relocation of U.S. Army Chemical School and U.S. Army Military Police School to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. The ERA focuses on potential contaminants generated by Chemical and Military Police School training. Risks to endangered and threatened species estimated herein were based on either modeled or estimated exposure concentrations and literature-based toxicity values. Risks were used to determine direct effects to the species of concern. Indirect effects were addressed qualitatively. We assessed effects to adults, juveniles, and other life stages of the Indiana bat, gray bat, and bald eagle.

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  • Ecology
  • Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
  • Environmental Health and Safety

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