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Trained and Ready Combat Forces: The Role of Training Devices in Sustaining Combat Force Proficiency During Deployments.
ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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In the Post Cold War period training devices are becoming even more critical to the sustainment training of deployed U.S. combat forces. To meet the objectives of the National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement, the U.S. Army is deploying combat forces to engage in peacetime activities, such as Military Operations other Than War MOOTW. The Armys ground combat forces, even while engaged in MOOTW activities, must maintain proficiency to wage war in the event that peacetime engagement, deterrence and conflict prevention fail. While the Cold War focus was upon one enemy, our combat forces must now be trained for a variety of contingencies. Complicating training readiness is a shrinking defense budget and a downsized combat force that is being deployed with increasing frequency. This study addresses the efficiency and effectiveness of training devices for the sustainment training of critical combat skills of deployed combat forces. Data from the Armys recent experience in Bosnia, Operation Joint Endeavor, are highlighted. Recommendations concerning future acquisition of training devices for deployed forces are also presented.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE