DID YOU KNOW? DTIC has over 3.5 million final reports on DoD funded research, development, test, and evaluation activities available to our registered users. Click HERE
to register or log in.
Leadership, Training, and Gender Influences on Team Decision Making
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
Pagination or Media Count:
This study explored the effects of gender of the leader, gender of the non-leader, and whether the leader or non-leader was trained on team decision making while solving a computerized Tower of Hanoi puzzle. The experiment involved 192 undergraduate students combined into 96 two person teams. The design combines gender of the leader, gender of the non-leader, and whether the leader or non-leader was provided prior relevant training, resulting in 8 experimental conditions with 12 teams in each condition. Analysis of variance yielded significantly quicker times to solve the puzzle for those teams with a male non-leader versus a female non-leader. Teams with male non-leaders also proved to have shorter average times per move while completing the puzzle than teams with female non-leaders. When females are the non-leader of the team, they are less likely to introduce valuable information to the decision making process than when males are the non-leader. When examining same gender teams, female-female teams exhibited significantly longer total times and average times per move than male-male teams. Among the female-female teams, those teams with the leader trained were significantly faster in average time per move than those teams where the non-leader was trained. The gender differences found in this study are consistent with other research.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE