Evolution of the Temperature Profile in a Simple Thermoacoustic Stack.
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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The purpose of this thesis is to provide data on the evolution of the temperature profile in a simple thermoacoustic stack. These measurements are made to support the development of nonlinear time-dependent models of thermoacoustics. An acoustic resonator and driver is used with a five plate stainless steel stack. The center plate of the stack is instrumented with nine thermocouples, one in the midpoint and four near each end of the plate. The edge thermocouples are located within an acoustic displacement amplitude of one another at high amplitude drive conditions. Temperature evolution data is recorded for both argon and helium gases at several mean pressures and several drive ratios with the stack located between a pressure node and antinode. This data showed a deviation from linear theory at drive ratios above 1.5. A crossover of gradient magnitudes is evident during gradient formation with edge thermocouple pairs initially forming larger gradients but dropping in magnitude to less than those of the inner thermocouple pairs after 25-50 seconds. As the gradients approached steady state conditions, they split into two groups of gradient pairs that appeared independent of displacement amplitude. Measurements are also made with the stack positioned in the vicinity of a pressure node and a pressure antinode. This data will be used for future study.
- Acoustic Detection and Detectors