Phase I: Pilot Test to Determine the Feasibility of Using Explosives as Supplemental Fuel at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant (HWAAP) - Hawthorne, Nevada.
Final rept. Dec 88-Dec 90.
WESTON (ROY F) INC WEST CHESTER PA
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The U.S. Army generates significant quantities of off-specification and scrap energetic or explosives materials. Energetic materials are also contained in obsolete and unserviceable munitions. Disposal options for these energetic materials are limited because current methods such as open burning and open detonation are being restricted by environmental regulations. Incineration of explosives in a water slurry is a known method of disposal but it is expensive. The U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency USATHAMA is investigating technologies to safely and effectively destroy energetic and explosive materials. Previous laboratory-scale testing conducted by USATHAMA has shown that blending of explosives with fuel oil and burning of the resultant mixture can be completed successfully. As a result of the previous study, a pilot-scale system was constructed for mixing explosives such as trinitrotoluene TNT and hexahydro-1, 3, 5-trinitro-1, 3, 5-triazine RDX in fuel oil and firing the resulting mixture into an industrial boiler to generate steam. The pilot system was erected at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant HWAAP, which is located in Hawthorne, NV. The pilot test program was conducted during the period from 21 October 1990 through 2 December 1990. The objectives of the testing were to determine the effectiveness of destruction of explosives, to characterize the gaseous effluent, to identify operational and safety problems and parameters, and to evaluate the potential for future use of the technology on full-scale applications.
- Ammunition and Explosives