Self-Management Plan, Perceived Quality of Life and Medical Resource Utilization of Asthmatic Children.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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The impact of asthma self-management programs on medical resource utilization has been studied repeatedly. The impact of these programs on a childs perceived quality of life, however, has not been addressed. This descriptive, correlational study compared the perceived quality of life and number of hospitalizations, emergency room and clinic visits in asthmatic children ages 7 - 11 years who adhered to a self-management plan with those who did not adhere to a plan. Quality of life was measured using the Childhood Asthma Questionnaire, a valid and reliable quality of life measurement tool for children of different ages. There were no significant differences between the Adherence and Non-adherence groups relative to quality of life or medical resource utilization. Findings did support a significant decrease in medical resource utilization for both groups since the establishment of their self-management plan. These findings confirm the role of self-management education as a worthwhile and cost effective investment for children.
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