Sea Ice: Part II. Estimating the Full-Scale Tensile, Flexural, and Compressive Strength of First-Year Ice,
COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH
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Sea-ice salinity, density, and temperature data were used to develop new methods for determining the bulk brine volume and porosity of sea-ice floes. Methods for estimating full-thickness ice sheet strength, based on large-scale field tests, are presented. The relationships among bulk sea-ice properties, strain rate, and strength are illustrated. A new constitutive equation was developed for predicting the full-thickness horizontal compressive strength of first-year sea ice as a function of the applied strain rate and bulk porosity. An estimate of the horizontal force that may develop between first-year sea ice and a 90-m-wide structure is given. Estimating sea-ice strength based on remote ice conductivity measurements is also discussed conceptually.
- Snow, Ice and Permafrost
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography