Bonnet Carre' Freshwater Diversion, Lake Pontchartrain, Lake Borgne, Biloxi Marshes, Mississippi River Gulf Outlet, and the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal: An Evaluation by the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics.
COMMITTEE ON TIDAL HYDRAULICS (ARMY) WASHINGTON DC
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The USACE New Orleans District has been authorized by Congress to construct a structure at the Bonnet Carre floodway to divert Mississippi River water into Lake Pontchartrain in order to reduce salinities in the Mississippi-Louisiana estuarine area. The project involves consideration of the roles that the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet MRGO and Inner Harbor Navigation Canal IHNC play in the systems salinities, and the District asked the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics to review information on the Bonnet Carre Freshwater Diversion project and answer the following questions 1 Can the contribution of the MRGO-IHNC to the increase in salinity in Lake Pontchartrain and adjacent waterways be economically controlled 2 If so, can the Bonnet Carre freshwater diversions be reduced in magnitude while still producing. This report by the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics provides the following conclusions 1 The Inner Harbor Navigation Canal IHNC contributes about 5 percent of the Lake Pontchartrain tidal prism but about 9 percent of the salt flux into the lake. 2 The Mississippi River Gulf Outlet MRGO contributes about six times as much salt to Lake Borgne as the IHNC contributes to Lake Pontchartrain. 3 Salt intrusion to Lake Pontchartrain cannot be significantly reduced by controlling flows at the IHNC connection to the lake, but construction of a sill-weir combination might alleviate the hypoxia zone that forms in Lake Pontchartrain near the airport. Further field data are needed to determine how effective such a structure would be.
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
- Civil Engineering