Enhancing Positive Reactions to Breast Cancer Risk Appraisal.
Annual rept. 26 Sep 94-25 Sep 95,
FRED HUTCHINSON CANCER RESEARCH CENTER SEATTLE WA
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Breast cancer screening is currently the most reasonable strategy for reducing the impact of breast cancer on women. However, increased perceived risk and psychological distress have been associated with lower screening rates. Thus, this study seeks to 1 assess the psychological distress of 350 women ages 50 to 85 who receive breast cancer risk appraisal and randomization to immediate or delayed group psychosocial counseling 2 assess their breast cancer screening behaviors over 2 years 3 evaluate the degree of association between perceived and estimated risk of breast cancer 4 describe short-term psychological reactions to breast cancer risk appraisal and 5 describe their sense of coherence, coping style, other health-related behaviors, social support, and perceived quality of life. This study will provide important information about womens reactions to breast cancer risk appraisal and ways to enhance positive health behaviors. In the first grant year, study personnel have been hired and trained. Recruitment, scheduling, mailing, participant tracking, and data collection materials and strategies have been developed. Intervention materials for the risk appraisal and group counseling session have been developed with focus group input and will be utilized with the first group of participants in Spring 1996.
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