Defense Transportation: Streamlining of the U.S. Transportation Command is Needed.
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV
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A number of studies since World War II have found that defense traffic management processes are fragmented and inefficient, reflecting the conflicts and duplication inherent in a traffic management organizational structure consisting of multiple transportation agencies, each with separate service and modal responsibilities. As a result, various actions have been taken to move functions from one transportation agency to another and improve military transportation effectiveness. In 1987, the Secretary of Defense, recognizing the need for additional improvements, established the U.S. Transportation Command USTRANSCOM to unify defense transportation under a single manager during war, contingencies, and exercises. In 1992, the Secretary expanded USTRANSCOMs role to include peacetime transportation. The former Chairman of the Subcommittee on Readiness, House Committee on Armed Services, asked GAO to determine whether the Department of Defense DOD can provide efficient and effective defense transportation in a changing national security environment. Specifically, GAOS objectives were to determine 1 whether DOD is providing cost-effective and efficient transportation, 2 what factors drive transportation costs, and 3 whether any actions are necessary to ensure a successful reengineering of defense transportation that will improve efficiency and reduce costs.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies