Total Force Policy a Structure for the Future.
Research rept. Aug 95-Apr 96,
INDUSTRIAL COLL OF THE ARMED FORCES WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
The end of the Cold War has caused dramatic changes in our armed forces including significant downsizing that affects Active, National Guard, and Reserve components. As we downsizing, we are also looking for ways to increase efficiency and capability. An obvious way to increase efficiency is to reduce duplications of function. Increasing capability as we downsize is difficult however, improving integration of our forces can increase capability without affecting structure. Reducing duplication and improving integration should be part of all decisions regarding the relative size of the Active and Reserve forces. An analysis of Active and reserve component structures identifies duplications in command, administration , and support functions between the Active, National Guard, and Reserve forces. Within the National Guard, these functions are under the control of the individual state making it very difficult to affect change. Between the Active and Reserve structures, the Reserve structure is the logical candidate for change. After considering alternatives for changes to the Reserve structure, this study builds a conceptual model that merges the Active and Reserve structures as the best alternative for eliminating duplication while improving integration of forces. Merging these forces provides additional benefits from more efficient use of high value assets and a more adaptable structure to balance the relative size of Active and Reserve forces. Interviews and consultations with other service members were used to identify obstacles and implementation issues. Although there do not appear to be any insurmountable obstacles, cultural differences may be the most difficult obstacle to overcome. Reserve representation within leadership positions is identified as the only way to overcome this obstacle.
- Military Forces and Organizations