Block Conjugated Copolymers: Towards Quantum-Well Nanostructures for Exploring Spatial Confinement Effects on Electronic, Optoelectronic, and Optical Phenomena.
ROCHESTER UNIV NY DEPT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
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An ABA triblock conjugated copolymer, poly2,5-benzoxazole-block-polybenzobisthiazole-1,4-phenylene-block-poly2,5-benzoxazole, 1, was synthesized, characterized, and used to demonstrate spatial confinement effects on the electronic structure and the optical and optoelectronic properties of block copolymers. Optical absorption, photoluminescence, and photoluminescence excitation spectra of thin films of the triblock copolymer evidence spatial confinement of excitons as well as microphase separation. Efficient energy transfer via interchain and intrachain mechanisms were observed in the triblock conjugated copolymer. The results suggest that microphase separation in bulk block conjugated copolymers can significantly modify the spatial modulation and confinement dimensionalities expected in isolated block copolymer chains.
- Polymer Chemistry
- Physical Chemistry
- Quantum Theory and Relativity