Development of a Coding System to Accurately Categorize the Causes of Construction Fatalities and Serious Injuries.
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
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There are approximately 910 construction worker fatalities in the United States each year National Safety Council, 1995. Although construction workers constitute only 5.2 of the industrial workforce, they account for over 18.4 of the fatalities and 10.6 of the injuries Gambatese 1996. The only industries that have higher fatality rates are mining and agriculture. One of the functions of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA is to investigate and track occupational injuries and fatalities. OSHAs involvement is reduced in the state-plan states however, these states are still encouraged to contribute such data to OSHA. This information is recorded in OSHAs Integrated Management Information System IMIS. While various types of information are recorded, particular interest exists in the basic types of causes associated with fatalities and injuries. OSHA classifies all accidents into six event types Falls, Struck by, Struck Against, Caught In or Between, Shock, and Other.
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