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Data Supporting the Screening Risk Assessment for the Anniston Army Depot Chemical Demilitarization Facility.

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Final rept.,

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The Anniston Army Depot ANAD is a U.S. Army Armament, Munitions, and Chemical Command AMCCOM facility located in Calhoun County in northeastern Alabama it is three miles east of the city of Anniston, Alabama. The depot encompasses 18,000 acres of land, most of which 80 percent is wood- lands, lakes, and streams. Approximately 10 percent of the facility supports active operations such as rebuilding and maintaining tanks and other heavy equipment, performing missile maintenance, repairing and rebuilding small arms and artillery, and supplying other materiel and services to the U.S. Army. The remaining 10 percent of the property is used for storing and servicing ammunition and lethal unitary chemical warfare agents. The depot has been in operation since 1941 and has been storing lethal unitary chemical agents since 1963. The depot is one of eight sites that stores lethal unitary agents in the United States. In 1986, the Department of Defense Authorization Act was promulgated. It directed the destruction of the chemical agent munitions stockpiles by 30 September 1994. This act was amended in 1988 to allow for operational testing of a commercial-scale incineration project. The date for complete destruction of the stockpiles was extended to September 1997. On the basis of the results of an environmental impact statement, the chemical agent disposal method that appeared to provide the highest degree of safety and protection of human health and the environment was the on-site, high-temperature incineration method.

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  • Humanities and History
  • Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare

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