The National Guard In Disaster Relief Operations, Hurricane Iniki. A Case Study.
Research paper, 6 Sep-6 Nov 92,
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
Pagination or Media Count:
During the period from 6 September to 6 November 1992, the Hawaii National Guard HING participated in joint disaster relief operations on the island of Kauai after Hurricane Iniki. The devastation was the worst ever recorded in Hawaii and at the time, ranked as the third worst natural disaster ever to strike the United States. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize the reader with the civil-military role of the National Guard NG in domestic emergencies. Using the Iniki disaster as a case study, it examines the unique state mission of the NG and the conditions under which it is employed. Using the HING as an example, the paper covers the organization of the NG within a state and reviews its capabilities in disaster response. The paper also provides an overview of the roles of the state, Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA, the active component military, and other agencies in a domestic disaster after a federal emergency is declared. Finally, the paper shares some of the significant lessons learned by the HING, state, and federal organizations.
- Safety Engineering
- Military Forces and Organizations