The Effect of Preloading on Fatigue Damage in Composite Structures: Part 1.
CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES DEPT OF MECHANICAL AEROSPACE AND NUCLEAR ENGINEER ING
Pagination or Media Count:
The effect of preload on damage development in unnotched graphiteepoxy laminates is studied. Two types of tension-tension fatigue tests were conducted on quasi-isotropic 045-459053, AS-43501-6 laminates, and damage was measured in the form of ply cracks. Baseline fatigue tests were run at constant amplitudes ranging from 20 to 60 of the ultimate tensile strength UTS while specimens with preloads of 50 to 80 UTS were tested in fatigue at the same amplitudes. The ply crack densities determined from edge replications in preloaded specimens were compared to those without preload. The effect of a preload on subsequent fatigue damage growth depended on the combination of both the preload level and the subsequent fatigue stress level. Since the tension preload was always higher than the tension-tension fatigue stress level, damage in preloaded specimens was more severe in the low-cycle region than nonpreloaded specimens. However, this preload-induced damage did not grow any more if the fatigue stress level was kept low. Preloads just above levels that cause significant damage 70 UTS and above here appeared to retard fatigue damage development. At the highest tension-tension fatigue stress level of 40 UTS, the high-cycle damage in the form of matrix cracking rather decreased with increasing preload level. Thus, preloading could be beneficial at this stress level as far as the high-cycle ply crack damage is concerned.
- Laminates and Composite Materials