Surface Crack Growth in Fiber Composites.
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERIN G
Pagination or Media Count:
The results of an experimental study of damage extension and failure in glass and graphiteepoxy laminates containing partially through-thickness surface cracks are presented. The laminates studied are divided between those containing four plies, 900090, l5-l5-l5l5, and 45-45-4545, and those containing 12-16 plies of the general configurations 090, or - 45, and 0 or - 60. Most of the results are for surface cracks of various lengths and several depths. Stable damage extension in laminates containing surface cracks is predominantly delamination between plies, and tends to be much more extensive prior to failure than is the case with through-thickness cracks, resulting in approximately notch-insensitive behavior in most cases. A greater tendency for notch-sensitive behavior is found for 090 graphite epoxy laminates for which stable damage extension is more limited. The rate of damage extension with increasing applied stress depends upon the composite system and ply configuration as well as the crack length and depth. An approximate semiempirical method is presented for estimating the growth rate of large damage-regions. MM
- Laminates and Composite Materials