Accession Number:

ADA305608

Title:

Photodissociation Studies of Sulfur Oxides.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 15 Aug 92-14 Aug 95,

Corporate Author:

PUERTO RICO UNIV RIO PIEDRAS DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1996-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

21.0

Abstract:

The detailed reaction dynamics of several gas phase polyatomic systems has been established in this research at the Department of Chemistry at the University of Puerto Rico. Real time dynamics of sulfur monoxide photoelimination reactions have been studied by laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy of the nascent SO fragment on the B3sigma - - X3sigma- transition in the region of 237-310 nm. The following group of molecules has been studied Sulfur dioxide SO2, the thionyl halides SOX2 where XF,C1 or Br, dimethyl sulfoxide CH32SO, ethylene episulfoxide CH22SO, trimethylene sulfoxide CH23SO, tetramethylene sulfoxide CH24SO, and thionyl aniline C6H5NSO. In all of these experiments, the parent molecule is irradiated with an excimer laser either 193 or 248 nm and the energy disposal into the nascent SO photofragment is determined, and used as a mechanistic probe. A broad picture of sulfur monoxide photoelimination reactions emerges from this work. In a second area, the photophysics and photochemistry of the vinoxy radical were investigated. Fluorescence decay rates were determined in the presence of twelve collision partners He, Ar, N2, O2, CO, H2, HCl, CO2, N2O, C2H4, SF6 and CH3OCHCH2. The measured electronic quenching cross-sections vary from 0.01 - 66.5 A2. A vibrational level dependence was found for the radiative lifetimes. A kinetic model, consistent with all the experimental observations has been postulated. Several new transitions of the CH2CHO B-X transition have been discovered. Finally, a study of bimolecular reactions has been initiated. jg p2

Subject Categories:

  • Radiation and Nuclear Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
  • Optics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE